Wednesday, April 24, 2024

Ram Lalla returns to Ayodhya after 500 years

Written By Darshan M (Grade 11)


The Ram Mandir case in India has been going on for a long time, like 500 years! But recently, some evidence was presented that helped solve the case in just 40 days. The evidence was mostly provided by the ASI, and it showed that there used to be a temple dedicated to Ram in that place. Even the Mughals and Britishers agreed that there was a temple there. Because of this evidence, the Supreme Court was able to decide the Ram Mandir. However, some people and news reports think that building the temple is a waste of money. They believe that the government should spend the money on helping hungry and sick people instead. But here’s the interesting part: the government didn’t spend any money on building the temple. It wasn’t even made with donation money. So how did it get built? Well, a special group called the Ram Mandir Trust used a clever strategy to make it happen. But before that, let’s talk about the legal fight that the Hindu side had to go through to get the land back.

We need to understand the whole story of a legal case that has been going on for 500 years. To make it easier to understand, let’s divide it into three different parts. The first part happened a long time ago, from 1528 to 1947. In 1528, a king named Babur told one of his commanders, Mir Baqi, to destroy a temple in Ayodhya dedicated to Lord Ram and build a mosque there instead. The mosque was called Babri Masjid. But even though the temple was gone, some people still worshipped Lord Ram in a different place nearby called Ram Chabutra. This caused some problems between people of different religions, and there were small fights about it throughout history. There were very violent protests that happened between 1853 and 1859. The British government had to step in to try and stop the violence. They took control of a special place called Babri Ram Mandir and made a deal between the two groups involved. They split the area into two parts, one for Muslims and one for Hindus. The Hindus were not happy with this because they felt like they had to worship their gods out in the open, which they didn’t like. So even though there was an agreement, there were still problems and fights.

After the country became independent, there was a big problem with a piece of land in Ayodhya. Some people built a statue of Lord Ram in the middle of a mosque, and this caused a conflict between the two groups. The government had to close off the area because the conflict turned violent. Nobody was allowed to go to the Ram Janma Bhoomi anymore. A man named Mahant Ram Chandra Das went to court to say that his right to worship was being taken away. Another group called Nirmohi Akhara also went to court to say that they should be allowed to worship there. The Sunni Waqf Board, a Muslim group, also went to court to claim ownership of the land because there used to be a mosque there.

There was a disagreement about a special place where Hindus and Muslims wanted to build their religious buildings. They went to court to try and settle the dispute, but it took a long time and no decision was made. Then, in 1985, a group called Vishwa Hindu Parishad got involved and filed a case to build a Hindu temple. The court combined all the cases and in 1986, they allowed Hindus to worship at the place. This made the other side angry, so they formed a group called the Babri Action Committee and challenged the court’s decision. The battle continued in court with more organizations getting involved. But then, in the early 1990s, the disagreement spilled out onto the streets.

In 1990, a leader named L.K. Advani went on a special journey in a fancy chariot from Somnath to Ayodhya, and many people from all over the country joined him. When they reached Ayodhya, things got tense. The government of Uttar Pradesh took control of the land where the Ram Janmabhoomi was and closed it off. This was the second time in history that this happened. But this time, it was a big deal and caused a lot of problems. On December 6, 1992, a big crowd of people gathered in Ayodhya and destroyed a mosque called the Babri Masjid. This was because of the government closing off the land. After that, there were fights and riots all over the country and even a big bombing in Mumbai. This was all connected to what happened in Ayodhya. And even after that, the problem didn’t go away.

In the following years, many fights were happening all over the country. In 2002, the state of India was the first to take a stand against this. The Godhra fights were the biggest ones. After a special building was destroyed, the leaders of the country tried to help both sides talk and make a deal, but no one wanted to compromise. In 2002, the Ram Janmabhoomi case was moved to a different court. The judges asked experts to check if there was a temple at the site. After a few years, the experts finished their investigation and gave their report to the court. In 2010, the court made an important decision based on the report.

The court said that after looking at the evidence, they decided that there used to be a temple on that land. But the issue didn’t end there. The court then divided the land into three parts. The first part, where the idol of Lord Ram was, was given to Ram Lalla Virajman. The second part, which includes Sita Rasoi, Bhandara, and Ramchaputra, was given to Kodirmohi Akhada. The rest of the land was given to the Sunni Waqf Board. But no one was happy with this decision, so they all went to the Supreme Court to appeal. And when the case went to the Supreme Court, they stopped the decision of the Allahabad High Court for now.

But for a long time, no decision was made in this case. Then in 2016, a famous lawyer named Subramanian Swamiji filed a case for the Ram Mandir in the Supreme Court. After he filed his case, many more people also filed appeals in the Supreme Court. Because of this, the Supreme Court decided to start a hearing on the Ram Janma Bhoomi case in 2019. Finally, on January 8th, 2019, a group of 5 judges was appointed to hear the case. This decision was important because it would solve a case that had been going on for 500 years. The Supreme Court used a special strategy called the Moulding Relief Principle to solve the case. This means they asked both sides what they wanted to happen to make things fair.

The Supreme Court asked both sides of a long-lasting case what they wanted if it ended now. They both gave their demands. Then, the Supreme Court said that in 40 days, they would make the final decision on a case that has been going on for 500 years. The evidence was so strong that the judges had to rule in favor of the Ram Mandir. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) presented 533 pieces of evidence to support the Ram Mandir. The main evidence can be divided into two categories: excavation and literary sources.

Let’s start by talking about something called excavation. The Supreme Court looked at five important pieces of evidence for the Ayodhya verdict. The first piece of evidence is something called the Vishnu Hari Inscription. This is a special stone that was found under the Babri Masjid. On this stone, there were 20 lines of Hindu verses written. When experts read it, they found out that the 19th line talked about a temple belonging to a king who defeated a demon with ten heads. Now, we don’t need to explain who that demon was or who the king was, but the Supreme Court thought this evidence was really important.

A long time ago, there was a bell tied to a pillar in a mosque. This surprised a lot of people, including the Supreme Court. The judges learned that bells are not used in the religion of Islam, but they are important in Hinduism and are often found in temples. This information was important for the Supreme Court to consider. Another piece of evidence was that there were pillars in the mosque with sculptures of Hindu gods on them. There were 12 of these pillars in total, and they were believed to have a connection to a temple from many years ago. Number five: Another piece of evidence is the main gate of the Mosque, which had words written on it that referred to a Hindu temple. All of these findings were presented to the Supreme Court as proof, and they were discovered by a group of archaeologists after digging and investigating the site.

Now, let’s talk about some books that give us information about the past. These books were written by people who were not Hindus. Even the Supreme Court, which is a very important place, looked at these books to find evidence. So, let’s talk about the first piece of evidence. Guru Nanak Ji, who was a very wise person, told his student Mardana that when he visited a place called Ayodhya in the year 1500, he bathed in a river called Sarayu and visited a temple called Ram Janma Bhoomi. This tells us that there was a temple there. Now, let’s talk about the second piece of evidence. Tulsi Das Ji wrote a book called Tulsi Doha Satak. In this book, he wrote that in the summer of 1528, some people from outside came and broke the Ram Janma Bhoomi temple in Ayodhya. They then built a mosque there. Unfortunately, during this time, many Hindus were harmed. This also shows us that there was a temple there.

Long ago, some people from other countries visited India and wrote about their experiences in a special book called a travelogue. One of these people was a man named William Finch from Britain. He wrote about his travels in India a long time ago. He mentioned that when he visited a place called Ayodhya, he saw a castle called Ramchandra’s castle. He also saw that some parts of the castle were still there. He said that even today, some special people called Brahmins go on a special trip to this place. Another person named Tiffin Thaler from Austria also wrote about his travels in India. He said that a long time ago, the Mughals destroyed a temple near a river called Saryu. But even today, Hindu people still go there to worship.

Long ago, when the British ruled India, there was a document from an important government official that talked about a place called Ayodhya. This document said that there used to be a big temple there, but later a mosque was built on top of it using the temple’s columns. Then, in 1886, a man named Mahant Raghuveer Das Ji asked a judge named Colonel J.E.A. Shamier to let them build a temple where they already worshipped. The judge went to investigate and wrote in his report that the mosque was unfortunately built on a place that was important to Hindus.

Let’s talk about a story from a long time ago. There was a king named Aurangzeb and his granddaughter wrote a letter. The letter said that the Muslim kings were told to make the Hindus pay a special tax for their religion and to stop worshipping their idols. Sadly, because of this, three big temples were destroyed. But later on, the Supreme Court found a book written by an Islamic writer from that time that said something different. The Supreme Court looked at a lot of evidence and decided to build a temple in the same place as one of the destroyed temples. When they were building the temple, they found some sculptures that were important to the Hindu religion. These sculptures will be kept in a museum in Ayodhya.

This 500-year-old case has finally been settled, and now there is a new argument. The Ram Temple that is currently being built is being criticized by the people who disagree with the ruling party. They say it is a waste of money. But they are missing an important point – the money to build this temple did not come from the people or the government. According to a news report, the cost of building the temple was estimated to be 900 crores earlier. However, the people donated more than 3600 crores for this cause. The Shriram Janmabhoomi Trust, which is in charge of the temple, invested this money wisely in three banks. The interest earned from these investments is what is being used to build the temple. So, neither the government’s money nor the donation money is being used here. But some people still say it is a waste of money.

This temple is going to bring a lot of money to the country’s economy. Because of the Ram Temple, fancy hotels like Taj, Radisson, and ITC are opening in Ayodhya. The Confederation of All Indian Traders thinks that because of the Ram Temple, businesses in Ayodhya will make 1 lakh crore. This will create a whole system of jobs and opportunities. Even in India Today, a recent report said that 20,000 people already have jobs in the hospitality industry in Ayodhya because of the Ram Temple. It was surprising to see that on January 22nd, it cost less than 20,000 rupees to stay in a hotel in Ayodhya for one night. Because of this temples, airports, highways, and other big projects have been made in Ayodhya, which helps the whole area grow and develop.


Featured Image Courtesy – Wikipedia



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