Friday, July 19, 2024

Mountains – The Strongest Landform

Written By Shravya Shah (Grade 5)

When Earth was created, humans lived together in peace. Mother Earth made a river that flowed almost endlessly and crafted beautiful green fields. And along with them tectonic plates collided to create mountains. About a quarter of all land on our Earth is mountain. It’s a landform that rises at least 1,000 feet (300 meter) or more. They are larger than hills, steep and tough to climb. Heights of mountains are generally measured above the sea level. To measure these magnificent heights, radar equipment is used. Powerful movements of t-+/*he Earths plates give birth to three main types of mountains- volcanic, block and fold. They are formed by geological processes called orogeny. The sharpness of a peak of a mountain is the result of weather, ice and running water wearing it away.

Their beautiful sights attract a lot of tourists, especially in the winter season, when they are dressed all white. Colorful plants may not find a place to live here, they have a lot of tall pine, oak and deodar trees which find a place to live in our houses! These landforms are a home to a variety of unique mountain animals like yak, sheep, goats, and antelopes. These places may seem difficult to live in but you will surely find a lot of native people dressed in thick and heavy coats with kind personalities. Besides being a source of fresh water, mountains are home to 12-15 percent of the world´s population. Just like any other famous place in the world, people, especially mountaineers always carry the thirst to climb these mountains.

The world’s longest mountain range on land is the Andes, in South America, at about 7,200 kilometers long. For every 300 meters you climb up mountain, the temperature drops by about 2 degrees Celsius. Women aren’t allowed Mount Athos- even female animals are banned! Everest is over 60 million years old, it was formed when India’s continental plate crashed in Asia. They inspire people to climb it and get motivated to achieve their goals. They also inspire us in, deeds of valour. They represent, peace and calm to us. Mountains have a variety of climates, ranging from rainforests to high-altitude deserts. At 3,776 meters, Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan and one of the world’s most famous mountains. Climate in the mountains becomes colder at high heights. Mountains often play a significant role in religion with a lot of temples related to ancient stories of Indian history. The Himalayan peak of Nanda Devi is associated with the Hindu goddesses Nanda and Sunanda. For Hindus, the Kailash Parvat, at an elevation of 6,638m, is one of the highest parts in the Himalayas and is believed to be the home of lord shiva. However, it’s important to note that mountains can vary greatly in size, shape, and geological origins, ranging from mighty peaks like Mount Everest to rolling hills and small mountains in less rugged regions.

Mountains are truly worth embracing challenges, enjoying the air and getting lost in the beautiful scenery.

Featured Image Courtesy – Live Science


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