Monday, June 24, 2024

Navigating India’s Water Disputes: Introducing the Cauvery and Krishna River Conundrums

Written By Nischal Srinivasan (Grade 12)

India, for a long time, has been grappling with somewhat complex water-sharing disputes, and such instances indeed reflect the identity of states that depend on shared water resources. We will elucidate two prominent issues: the Cauvery Water Dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and the Krishna Water Dispute, which involves Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.

Cauvery Water Dispute:

The Cauvery River flowing through the Tal Cauvery, located within the Brahmagiri Mountain Range in Coorg district, has been the source of dispute since its discovery in the late nineteenth century. The dispute escalated in 1924, due to which a treaty was signed. When the treaty expired in 1974, confusion began.

A sub-commission, the Cauvery Water Tribunal, was created to resolve the dispute in 1990, but its arbitration award, given in 2007, was flawed due to tensions, which led to the case being pursued in the apex Supreme Court in 2018. The Supreme Court thereafter revised the award and directed Karnataka to release 10,000 cubic seconds of water to Tamil Nadu for a fifteen-day period.

Krishna Water Dispute:

The Krishna River, which springs in Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra, remains the source of the interstate conflict between Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. The Krishna Water Dispute Tribunal was established in 1969 and issued a report in 1973. The issue remained on the agenda for the next tribunal.

The latest putting in the Krishna Water debacle is viewed in the context of the continuous disputes between Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. As these states competed to get the water they needed, the issue came into the limelight; hence, reviews from professionals to ensure equitable water distribution are needed.

India’s water dispute cases, such as Cauvery and Krishna, are examples of dynamic challenges (with some historical entanglements and legal complexities). Thus, they remain tough phenomena that require both quantitative and qualitative factors. Water sharing within the national framework is another purpose that requires the establishment of tribunals and authorities to ratify responsible decisions in effective water distribution.

Featured Image Courtesy – The Hindu

Nischal Srinivasan
Nischal Srinivasan
My name is Nischal Srinivasan and I have a great interest in writing poems and articles. I have also published a poem named Resonating Reflections in Amazon Kindle.


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