Sunday, May 26, 2024

The Colosseum 

Written by Hardik Mishra (Grade 5)

The famous Colosseum is located in Rome, Italy. The Colosseum is a large elliptical amphitheatre and the largest amphitheatre in the world. It is 1,900 years old. The construction started in 72 AD under the Roman Emperor Vespasian. The Colosseum was inaugurated by his elder son, Titus, in 80 AD.

It had an incredible height of 48 metres, an area of 2 hectares, a length of 189 metres, and a width of 156 metres. It was one of the greatest structures of its time, as this masterpiece was built in only 8 years with only 1,000 workers, whereas other structures take 20–30 years with 20,000–30,000 workers. The Colosseum is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, as it is a very beautiful work of art. It was made from beautiful travertine limestone.

There were many gladiatorial shows, animal hunts, naval battles and dramas, executions, etc. held in the Colosseum. It can hold 85,000 people. The people came in at an average of 65,000–85,000; it was built from the spoils of the war. The fourth story of the Colosseum was added by the emperor Domitian in 82 AD. 10,000 Jewish slaves were bought to Rome by the emperor Vespasian for building the Colosseum in 8 years. It was built on an artificial lake, which was a part of Nero’s golden house. Nero was a cruel dictator of the Roman Empire who built a huge statue of himself and a large golden house, but the house and the statue were demolished to make the Colosseum.

Earlier, the Colosseum was called the Flavian Amphitheatre, as it was made by the emperor of the Flavian dynasty. It was used until the 5th century. The last gladiatorial competition was held in 404 AD, and the last animal hunt took place in 523 AD. There were many tunnels, passageways, and trapdoors called hypogeums. The big arena suffered many earthquakes, the biggest of which occurred on September 9, 1349, which destroyed most of the southern side of the Colosseum. The Colosseum may have faced several natural disasters, but it still stands in the city of Rome, as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Colosseum tells us that everything comes to an end, and we cannot stop it.

Featured Image Courtesy – The Colosseum 


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